James Montgomery (1877-1960) was an American artist and illustrator who work ranged from painting to cartooning. He sold his first illustration at the age of twelve. By the age fifteen, he was working for Judge and Life magazines, which were both popular during this time.He is mostly known for his propaganda posters. One of his famous ones is the a depiction of Uncle Sam which became an American symbol. Montgomery used his own face to create the image while later adding details such as the the white beard and the red, white, and blue clothing. In the image he has Uncle Sam staring intensely at the viewer while pointing at the same time. It meant to send a message that said “I Want You for U.S. Army.” Also, he designed the Red Cross posters during World War II. His work was also published in popular magazines during his time. Also, he was well known for his short stories. In 1980, he was elected into the Society of Illustrators Hall of Fame.
Howard Pyle (1853-1911) was an American and author. His first success was his work for The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood in 1883. The book was released in both America and Britain and received much praise for it’s design. In his other work, Arthuriad, he demonstrated his fascination in the English tales. The book was both criticized and admired, but it still was regarded as having a sense seriousness. Pyle later published three collection of folk tales and rendition of the Brothers Grimm. He used several cultural influences to create his work. This allowed him to create something new and different. In his collection Twilight Land and a Modern Aladdin, he moved away from the English style and use Germanic influences instead. The result was something more oriental than his previous work.
Fredrick Remington (1861-1909) studied art at Yale University. He was an illustrator, painter, and sculpture. In the 1880’s, he illustrated scenes for Harper’s and Collier’s magazines. His worked were scenes of Indian wars, cattle herding, cowboys, horses, and wagon trains. Remington’s work were highly detailed and realistic. Later as a correspondent, he cover the Spanish American War. His work were reproduced for newspapers and magazines which brought him fame. In 1886, he enrolled into the Art Students League to redefine his skills as an artist. By 1888 he was commissioned by Century magazine to do a series of sketches focusing on the the Native American reservation. Remington also work was a writer. Some of his work includes Pony Tracks, Sundown Leflare, John Ermine of the Yellowstone, and Crooked Trails.
He was an Austrian print maker, drafter and painter. Egon Schiele is mostly known for his erotic images and his women portraits. They were often exaggerated and candid. His landscape composition showed the same exaggerated style with much focus on using lines and color. His expressionistic style of art made him one of the most recognized artist world. In 1918 special room was made for his work.
Edmund Dulac (1882-1953)
Edmund Dulac was a French illustrator and stage designer. He is best known for his fantasy style of art that consist of soft glowing colors and delicate black outlines. Dulac’s compositions were described as having a painterly quality and careful attention to detail. He painted them using watercolor washes pattern and subtle tones. His work was often compared to Arthur Rackham, and the two had several qualities in common. Also some of his influences were the Japanese and Persian style miniatures. Some of his work includes Sleeping Beauty and the other Fairy Tales from the Old French, Arabian Nights, and the The Golden Cockerel. Later, he created designs for postage stamps, bookplates, and playing cards.
Dean Cornwell (1892-1960)
Dean Cornwell was a American illustrator and muralist. He began working as a cartoonist Louisville Herald and later moved to New York. While there, he studied at the Art Student League of New York. He eventually moved to London where he studied murals as an apprentice to Frank Bragwyn. Cornwells work were featured in magazines, books, advertising, and posters. They were featured on the pages of Cosmopolitian, the Red Book, and Good House Keeping. He became a very well known illustrator earning him the name “Dean of Illustrators” Some of his other work includes murals for the Lincoln Library Memorial Shrine in California, the Davidson County Court House, and U.S. post office in Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
Arthur Rackham (1867-1939)
Arthur Rackham was a British artist and illustrator who’s work consist of highly detailed drawings. With his unique imagination, he began illustrating books. Rackham gained his experience as in illustrator by working for the Westminster Budget. He became popular for his work in Grimm’s Fairy Tales, and other children books. His illustration for Rip Van Winkle brought him American success. But, Rackham’s first success was his work in Peter Pan in Kensington Garden. Using his creativity, he created several fantasy creatures for books, while allowing them to retain human like traits.